The Athenian system of education was disliked by Plato because, it was privately managed and not regulated by government. During the epoch of Plato Athens education was compulsory but it was managed privately. Plato was in favor of Spartan education system because it was regulated by the state. According to Plato education should promote the justice and should enable individual to perform his duties assigned by the state.
Education for Plato was one of the great things of life. According to Barker, education is an attempt to cure a mental illness by a medicine. The object of education is to turn the soul towards light. Plato once stated that the main function of education is not to put knowledge into the soul, but to bring out the latent talents in the soul by directing it towards the right objects.
This explanation of Plato on education highlights his object of education and guides the readers in proper direction to unfold the ramifications of his theory of education.
Plato was, in fact, the first ancient political philosopher either to establish a university or introduce a higher course or to speak of education as such. Plato strongly believed in a state control education system. He held the view that without education, the individual would make no progress any more than a patient who believed in curing himself by his own loving remedy Plato scheme of education giving up his luxurious mode of living.
Therefore, Plato stated that education touches the evil at the grass root and changes the whole outlook on life. It was through education that the principle of justice was properly maintained. Education was the positive measure for the operation of justice in the ideal state. Plato was convinced that the root of the vice lay chiefly in ignorance, and only by proper education can one be converted into a virtuous man.
Promotion of common good was the primary objective of platonic education.
Plato was greatly influenced by the Spartan system of education, though not completely. The education system in Athens was privately controlled unlike in Sparta where the education was state-controlled.
The Spartan youth were induced to military spirit and the educational system was geared to this end.
However, the system lacked the literacy aspect. Intriguingly, many Spartans could neither read nor write. Therefore, it can be stated that the Spartan system did not produce any kind of intellectual potentials in man, which made Plato discard the Spartan education to an extent. The platonic system of education is, in fact, a blend of Athens and the organization of Sparta.
This is because Plato believed in the integrated development of human personality. Plato believed in a strong state-controlled education for both men and women. He was of the opinion that every citizen must be compulsorily trained to fit into any particular class, viz.
Education, however, must be imparted to all in the early stages without any discrimination.
Plato never stated out rightly that education system was geared to those who want to become rulers of the ideal state and this particular aspect attracted widespread criticism.
Plato was of the opinion that education must begin at an early age. In order to make sure that children study well, Plato insisted that children be brought up in a hale and healthy environment and that the atmosphere implant ideas of truth and goodness.
Plato believed that early education must be related to literature, as it would bring out the best of the soul. The study must be mostly related to story-telling and then go on to poetry.
Secondly, music and thirdly arts were the subjects of early education.
Plato believed in regulation of necessary step towards conditioning the individual. Plato was of the opinion that for the first 10 years, there should be predominantly physical education. In other words, every school must have a gymnasium and a playground in order to develop the physique and health of children and make them resistant to any disease.
Apart from this physical education, Plato also recommended music to bring about certain refinement in their character and lent grace and health to the soul and the body. Plato also prescribed subjects such as mathematics, history and science.
However, these subjects must be taught by smoothing them into verse and songs and must not be forced on children. This is because, according to Plato, knowledge acquired under compulsion has no hold on the mind.
Therefore, he believed that education must not be forced, but should be made a sort of amusement as it would enable the teacher to understand the natural bent of mind of the child.
Plato also emphasized on moral education. According to Plato, a child must take an examination that would determine whether or not to pursue higher education at the age of Those who failed in the examination were asked to take up activities in communities such as businessmen, clerks, workers, farmers and the like.
Those who passed the exam would receive another 10 years of education and training in body and mind. At this stage, apart from physical and mathematical sciences, subjects like arithmetic, astronomy, geometry and dialectics were taught.Plato’s Scheme of Education: Plato was of the opinion that education must begin at an early age.
In order to make sure that children study well, Plato insisted that children be brought up in a hale and healthy environment and that the atmosphere implant ideas of truth and goodness. Plato’s Scheme of Education Plato in his famous book "The Republic" has suggested appropriate kind of education for the ruling and the military classes of community, but he does not mention anything about the education of the industrial class.
Plato synthesized the two and added the study of the dialectic at the highest stage of the scheme. Plato divides the education into two parts – elementary and higher. Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education.
Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. 3.
Plato’s plea for censorship of artistic and poetic works is highly objectionable. Art and literature can never flourish under state censorship. It has inherent danger of totalitarianism. 4.
Plato’s scheme of education is far removed from reality. It can only create academic theorists who are incapable of dealing with the hard realities of life. 5. Dec 31, · Plato’s Scheme of Education Plato’s Republic is the finest treatise on education Plato ( - BC In his Republic we find just about the most influential early account of education.