De Soto Crossing the Chattahoochee The initial European exploration of Georgia was carried out in large part by Spaniards, first operating out of colonial bases in the Caribbean Sea and Mexico and later from the city of St. Augustine on the Florida coast. Between andexpeditions large and small explored both the coast and the interior of Georgia, covering most of the inhabited portions of the Coastal Plain and parts of the lower Piedmont.
Visit Website But between and a series of interconnected developments occurred in Europe that provided the impetus for the exploration and subsequent colonization of America.
These developments included the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Renaissance, the unification of small states into larger ones with centralized political power, the emergence of new technology in navigation and shipbuilding, and the establishment of overland trade with the East and the accompanying transformation of the medieval economy.
Protestantism emphasized a personal relationship between each individual and God without the need for intercession by the institutional church.
Thus, the rise of Protestantism and the Counter-Reformation, along with the Renaissance, helped foster individualism and create a climate favorable to exploration.
At the same time, political centralization ended much of the squabbling and fighting among rival noble families and regions that had characterized the Middle Ages. With the decline of the political power and wealth of the Catholic church, a few rulers gradually solidified their power.
Portugal, Spain, France, and England were transformed from small territories into nation-states with centralized authority in the hands of monarchs who were able to direct and finance overseas exploration.
As these religious and political changes were occurring, technological innovations in navigation set the stage for exploration.
Bigger, faster ships and the invention of navigational devices such as the astrolabe and sextant made extended voyages possible. But the most powerful inducement to exploration was trade.
The Orient became a magnet to traders, and exotic products and wealth flowed into Europe. Those who benefited most were merchants who sat astride the great overland trade routes, especially the merchants of the Italian city-states of Genoa, Venice, and Florence.
The newly unified states of the Atlantic—France, Spain, England, and Portugal—and their ambitious monarchs were envious of the merchants and princes who dominated the land routes to the East. The desire to supplant the trade moguls, especially the Italians, and fear of the Ottoman Empire forced the Atlantic nations to search for a new route to the East.
Portugal Portugal led the others into exploration. Encouraged by Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese seamen sailed southward along the African coast, seeking a water route to the East. They were also looking for a legendary king named Prester John who had supposedly built a Christian stronghold somewhere in northwestern Africa.
Henry hoped to form an alliance with Prester John to fight the Muslims. His school developed the quadrant, the cross-staff, and the compass, made advances in cartography, and designed and built highly maneuverable little ships known as caravels.
Dias sailed around the tip of Africa and into the Indian Ocean before his frightened crew forced him to give up the quest. A year later, Vasco da Gama succeeded in reaching India and returned to Portugal laden with jewels and spices.
Born in Genoa, Italy, aroundColumbus learned the art of navigation on voyages in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. Columbus, hoping to make such a voyage, spent years seeking a sponsor and finally found one in Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain after they defeated the Moors and could turn their attention to other projects.
After ten weeks he sighted an island in the Bahamas, which he named San Salvador. Thinking he had found islands near Japan, he sailed on until he reached Cuba which he thought was mainland China and later Haiti.
But the territorial disputes between Portugal and Spain were not resolved until when they signed the Treaty of Tordesillas, which drew a line leagues west of the Azores as the demarcation between the two empires. Despite the treaty, controversy continued over what Columbus had found.
He made three more voyages to America between andduring which he explored Puerto Ricothe Virgin Islands, Jamaica, and Trinidad. Each time he returned more certain that he had reached the East. In and Pedro de Mendoza went as far as present-day Buenos Aires in Argentina, where he founded a colony."Reasons For Exploration And Colonization" Essays and Research Papers Reasons For Exploration And Colonization Exploration and Colonization of the English, French, and Spanish The basis for exploration to the West, starting with the Spanish, cam e after the Italians sent Marco Polo to China which in turn created the Silk Road.
Essay: The Importance of Exploration This is the first in a series of essays on exploration by NASA's Chief Historian, Steven J. Dick.
That argument is exploration, and that we should undertake it for the most basic of reasons -- our self-preservation as a creative, as opposed to a stagnating, society. I’m asked all the time, “Why should we spend money on space exploration when we have so many problems here on planet Earth?” The Answer: Two-Way Technology Transfer During the past 50 years we frequently heard about the many amazing spinoffs from the human spaceflight program – everything from personal computers to solar energy.
The Age of Exploration Summary: Provides a look at the many explorers of the Age of Exploration. Discusses the the high demands for Asian goods in Europe and the .
Apart from these two bases of exploration, the countries each had their own reasons for exploring.
With colonization, each country controlled different parts of the New World, for the most part. The Spaniards conquered Central America and South-West North America, along with South America.
Free european exploration papers, essays, and research papers. My Account.
Your search returned over essays for " It only stands to reason that a clash would occur with the natives of these lands. One of the areas with the greatest conflict was the field of technology. Scientifically, when the cultures of 15th century Europe and the.