Confusion about depression is commonplace, e. There is also confusion surrounding the many types of depression that people experience — unipolar depression, biological depression, manic depression, seasonal affective disorder, dysthymia, etc. Depression is characterized by a number of common symptoms.
Rochester Institute of Technology The purpose of this paper is to expand upon the finding that depression and suicide are becoming more and more likely to occur among older adults. The theory behind this finding that older adults are becoming more and more depressed and committing suicide at a greater rate than ever before is due to their failing physical and mental health.
The purpose of this paper is to expand upon and prove this theory by gathering statistics about suicide in older adults, examining studies conducted about depression and suicide, conducting a review of suicide notes from older adults, and by discussing reasons for depression and suicide among older adults.
Depression and suicide are two causes of death that are increasing in prevalence for all age groups. They are also on the rise in a specific age group, that of older adults.
The purpose of this paper is to expand upon and prove this theory by gathering statistics about suicide in older adults, and by obtaining the information of scholarly sources by summarizing their views as it relates to the above mentioned theory.
This is because older adults who attempt suicide die from the attempt more often than any other age group. Studies of Depression and Suicide in Older Adults Depression in Older Adults A study was conducted examining the relationships between disease severity, functional impairment, and depression among a sample of older adults with age-related macular degeneration.
It appears that when faced with vision loss, depressed persons tend to generalize their disability to activities that are not necessarily vision dependent. They seem to adopt the attitude of not being able to see leads to not being able to do.
Suicide in Older Adults A study about older adult suicide was conducted by Zweig and Hinrichsen This study included community-dwelling adults, age 60 and over, who were admitted to a psychiatric inpatient service.
Each member met the criteria for major depressive disorder. The patients and family members were interviewed six and twelve months after the patients were admitted to the hospital. The study then went on to explore the differences between those who attempted suicide and those who did not.
They were also less likely to experience remission, and were more likely to relapse if they did experience remission.
The study also found that interpersonal factors were associated with suicidal behavior in the patients. A study was done examining the phenomenon of suicide notes in older people who died unexpectedly and in whom a suicide verdict was returned by the Coroner over a period of 10 years.
Data was collected from the files of a Coroner's office in a particular town. All of the data was from deceased people aged 60 and above whose deaths were ruled as suicides. Deceased older adults who left suicide notes were compared to those who did not over a period of ten years.
During the year review period, older people died as a result of suicide. For note-leavers, the average age was 71, and for those who did not leave notes, the average age was Older suicide note-leavers were less likely to be known to psychiatric services, did not have recent psychiatric treatment, and were less likely to have used violent methods, and did not previously attempt suicide.
Suicide notes accompanied most of the cases of suicide that resulted from an overdose, using plastic bags, electrocution, or using car exhausts.
Most cases of drowning did not leave suicide notes, none of the men who killed themselves by drowning or falling from a height left suicide notes, nor did the deceased who fatally wounded themselves or jumped in front of a train.
Also, older people who killed themselves at weekends were less likely to leave a suicide note. This study found that many older people may be isolated and have no one to communicate with, while others may no longer have the ability to express themselves.
Several other common correlates have been associated with older adult depression, such as cognitive dysfunction, genetic factors, interpersonal relations, and stressful life events.
Depression can also be brought on by anxiety in older adults. Another reason that older people commit suicide is due to unbearable psychological pain, which produces a heightened state of perturbation. The person wants primarily to flee from pain, such as feeling boxed in, rejected, and especially hopeless and helpless Leenaars, The suicide is functional because it provides relief from the intolerable suffering.
Inability to adjust is yet another reason for older adult suicide. This includes several disorders such as depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, schizophrenic disorders, brain-dysfunction disorders, and substance-related disorders.
Another reasoning of older adult suicide, rejection-aggression, was first documented by Stekel in the famous meeting of the Psychoanalytic Society in Freud's home in Vienna Leenaars, The idea behind this reason is that often times a rejection leads to pain and self-directed aggression.Research Paper Topics For Students + Writing Tips from Our Expert What is a Research Paper?
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Free Depression papers, essays, and research papers. Depression: Symptoms, Types, and Treatments - Depression is an equal opportunity disorder, it can affect any group of . The Key Factor Which Causes Depression: Genetic or Environment. Depression is a quite widespread disease of nowadays.
Scientific sources and mass media already have some success in conveying to society the thought that depression is something more than negative mood that can changed by itself.
A Research Paper: Depression. 4 Pages Words. Depression is defined as a mental illness in which a person experiences deep, unshakable sadness and diminished interest in nearly all activities.