Keep scrolling for more Did You Know? Tort came into English straight from French many centuries ago, and it still looks a little odd.
But because Greek is a highly inflected language i. To "decline" a noun means to analyze it and break it down into its basic parts according to number, gender, and case - see below. There are a number of different patterns in which nouns decline; these patterns are referred to as 'paradigms'.
Grammatical Number of Nouns Number can either be singular or plural. A noun that is in a singular form indicates "only one".
A noun that is in the plural form indicates "more than one. However, some nouns and pronouns do not change form for singular or plural; e. The Greek language always makes a distinction between singular and plural forms. Grammatical Gender of Nouns Gender, as it relates to nouns and other substantives in the Greek language, does not necessarily refer to "male" and "female".
It refers to grammatical gender, which is determined purely by grammatical usage and must be learned by observation. Although nouns referring to people or animals that are obviously "male" or "female" would normally but not always be classified as masculine or feminine accordingly, the gender of most nouns seems to be somewhat arbitrary.
Every noun must fall into one of three categories of gender: The fact of gender, when considering a word in isolation, is of little importance to the student of the Greek New Testament.
But in analyzing a sentence as a whole, gender may play a key role, especially when considered along with the adjectivespronounsand relative clauses that may be present.
Taking note of the gender may alter altogether what a sentence may seem to be saying in English. The word "sword" in Greek is feminine gender and the word "spirit" is neuter gender. So it is important in this sentence to find out what is the antecedent of the relative pronoun "which".
What is the "which" referring back to?
The word "which" in this sentence is neuter, therefore it is referring back to the word "spirit" and not "sword. It classifies their relationship to other elements in the sentence. The case form is shown by the ending of the word. There are four different case forms in Greek. The four cases are NominativeGenitiveDativeand Accusative.
Following is a discussion of these four different cases. There is another case not included in the four main noun cases because it is so closely related to the nominative: Note that in the following definition of each noun case, it only refers to nouns which are not in prepositional phrases. When a noun is the object of a preposition, the preposition usually dictates the case of the noun.
Nominative Case A noun or pronoun that is the subject of the sentence is always in the nominative case. Likewise a noun that is in the predicate part of a sentence containing a linking verb should also be in the nominative case.
The word "Christ" is in the nominative case in Greek and is therefore the subject of this sentence. Likewise the words in the predicate part of the sentence, that are equated to "fruit" by the copulative verb "is", are also in the nominative case in Greek. Genitive Case For the most part, the genitive is often viewed as the case of possession.
In more technical terms one noun in the genitive case helps to qualify another noun by showing its "class" or "kind". The genitive case has more uses than most other cases, but in general a noun in the genitive case helps to limit the scope of another noun by indicating its "kind" or "class".
It is generally translated into English with a prepositional phrase starting with the word "of". The most common use of the genitive is to show possession although it does not necessarily indicate actual, literal ownership.
The words "of the high priest" are in the genitive case in Greek and modify the word "servant". In Greek the word "of" is not present, but it is supplied in English in the translation of the genitive case. Here the genitive helps to qualify "which" servant the writer is referring to.
It is helping to limit the sphere of all servants to a particular one. Again the word "sonship" is in the genitive case, telling what kind of spirit we have received.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
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The Greek’s sixth variety of love was philautia or self-love. And clever Greeks such as Aristotle realized there were two types. And clever Greeks such as Aristotle realized there were two types.
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