We now outline each factor and the main evidence for each.
Meyer and Allen created this model for two reasons: Meyer and Allen's research indicated that there are three "mind sets" which can characterize an employee's commitment to the organization. Mercurio extended this model by reviewing the empirical and theoretical studies on organizational commitment.
Mercurio posits that emotional, or affective commitment is the core essence of organizational commitment. Meyer and Allen pegged AC as the "desire" component of organizational commitment. An employee who is affectively committed strongly identifies with the goals of the organization and desires to remain a part of the organization.
This commitment can be influenced by many different demographic characteristics: The problem with these characteristics is that while they can be seen, they cannot be clearly defined.
Meyer and Allen gave this example that "positive relationships between tenure and commitment maybe due to tenure-related differences in job status and quality"  In developing this concept, Meyer and Allen drew largely on Mowday, Porter, and Steers's  concept of commitment, which in turn drew on earlier work by Kanter Becker's "side bet theory"  Things like economic costs such as pension accruals and social costs friendship ties with co-workers would be costs of losing organizational membership.
But an individual doesn't see the positive costs as enough to stay with an organization they must also take into account the availability of alternatives such as another organizationdisrupt personal relationships, and other "side bets" that would be incurred from leaving their organization.
The problem with this is that these "side bets" don't occur at once but that they "accumulate with age and tenure". These feelings may derive from a strain on an individual before and after joining an organization. For example, the organization may have invested resources in training an employee who then feels a 'moral' obligation to put forth effort on the job and stay with the organization to 'repay the debt.
But generally if an individual invest a great deal they will receive "advanced rewards".
Normative commitment is higher in organizations that value loyalty and systematically communicate the fact to employees with rewards, incentives and other strategies. Normative commitment in employees is also high where employees regularly see visible examples of the employer being committed to employee well-being.
An employee with greater organizational commitment has a greater chance of contributing to organizational success and will also experience higher levels of job satisfaction. High levels of job satisfaction, in turn, reduces employee turnover and increases the organization's ability to recruit and retain talent.
Meyer and Allen based their research in this area more on theoretical evidence rather than empirical, which may explain the lack of depth in this section of their study compared to the others.
They drew off Wiener's  research for this commitment component. Critique to the three-component model[ edit ] Since the model was made, there has been conceptual critique to what the model is trying to achieve.
However, a collection of studies have shown that the model is not consistent with empirical findings. They have come to the conclusion that TCM is a model for predicting turnover. In a sense the model describes why people should stay with the organization whether it is because they want to, need to, or ought to.
The model appears to mix together an attitude toward a target, that being the organization, with an attitude toward a behavior, which is leaving or staying. They believe the studies should return to the original understanding of organizational commitment as an attitude toward the organization and measure it accordingly.
Although the TCM is a good way to predict turnover, these psychologists do not believe it should be the general model. Because Eagly and Chaiken's model is so general, it seems that the TCM can be described as a specific subdivision of their model when looking at a general sense of organizational commitment.THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHER JOB SATISFACTION AND PRINCIPAL LEADERSHIP STYLES A dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the Education Department Carson-Newman University In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of .
relationship of organizational commitment and job satisfaction among employees in public sector and their levels: in Municipality of Shkoder. () found a direct link between job satisfaction and organizational commitment, whereby job satisfaction is an antecedent of organizational commitment.
This thought process assumes that an. The results will explain the relationship between motivation and job performance in the context of different motivational factors and employ ee characteristics.
The survey element was such designed so as to research into the elements linking motivation and performance of sales professionals at LIC, India. The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction and Employee Turnover Rate Words | 9 Pages.
The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction and Employee Turnover Rate Introduction Adelphoi Village is a private, non- profit company that provide community based services to children and adolescents in the Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and West Virginia area.
To isolate the relationship between money and happiness, we ran a linear regression with company satisfaction rating as the response variable and log-transformed total pay as the explanatory variable. The Relationship of Job Satisfaction Among Employees Essay - This present study will focus on the relationship of job satisfaction, self-esteem and stress among organizational employees.